The successive volumes sent forth by the Society, have met with a friendly reception by the friends of historical literature, at home and abroad; and the avidity with which they are sought and cited affords good evidence that they are accomplishing the main objects of their publication, namely: The present volume contains a number of valuable papers, generally relating to a more modern period than many given in former issues.
If the recital of the incidents of the camps, the marches, the bivouacs, the battles and the joys, the sorrows, the pleasures, the sufferings, the glories and the defeats, will revive in the memory of the participants, the scenes gone by, or interest the reader, it will be the nighest source of gratification to the author.
MATY men of discernment, who had watched the politics of the country for years past, and the gradual but steady moulding of public opinion in the North and South, had long foreseen the approaching storm, that was to test the great question of the stability of the Government and institutions established by our fathers, and many pure patriots of both sections, guided by the light of history in' their judgments, foreseeing the fearful consequences that would inevitably follow, sought to avoid or at least postpone the calamity by concessions and compromises, while others, equally patriotic and sincere, deemed it best to bear the bosom to the storm and suffer the consequences at once, rather than by delay, permit the nation to be bound hand and foot to the car of Southern institutions.
Possessing a continent under one Government and one flag, free from the evils of standing armies and expensive fleets, free from imposts and export duties among themselves, free from export duties to foreign countries and internal revenue taxes, being one people in fact with a substantial community of origin, language, belief and law, the great ties that hold society together, having struggled, suffered and triumphed together, with their glories and defeats in common, with a Constitution springing from the free consent of all with ample provisions for its peaceful alteration or modification, with one section a commercial and manufacturing, another grain and stock growing, and a third whose great staple was cotton and tobacco, they of all people on God's earth should have lived in peace and contentment.
But the South saw that in wealth and prosperity the North was far outstripping her, and alas, instead of seeking for the cause and trying to remedy the fault, they affected to despise the superior industry and energy of the North, preferring a system of labor that gave wealth and luxuriant ease to the few, at the expense of the prosperity and elevation of the masses, and the degradation of labor.
Fearing that slavery would become isolated they sought to maintain the balance of power in the Senate by the extension of slave territory, and the creation of slave States which their population and resources did not warrant.
Nor did they confine themselves to the territorial limits of the United States. Already had the Government purchased for them the territories now forming the slave States of Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri and Florida, and already had it engaged in a war with a sister Republic to annex and open to them the vast State of Texas.
With these, Mexico, and the Southern States, the Southern dream of a mighty empire, enabled to secure the good offices and favors of mercenary and monarchical Europe, and to bid defiance to Republican America, arose in golden visions before their eyes, and ambitious men were willing to destroy the Government and constitution of their country, and wade through seas of blood to power and position.
Yet they were anxious to remain in the Union and enjoy all the advantages of it, as long as they could continue to control its councils, which they had done from the foundation of the Government.
As early asthe Missouri Compromise was passed, which was the first and most respected of all. In admitting Missouri as a slave State, it stipulated that slavery should not be introduced north of the line of thirty-six, thirty degrees of latitude, its southern boundary, but that limit so long accepted, the South cornplained of, and Mr.
Douglas introduced a bill annulling the same, and substituting " squatter sovereignty," which drew from Congress the right to interfere in the question of slavery in the territories.
The South soon discovered that the superior population and resources of the North enabled them to settle the territories of Kansas and Nebraska with their hardy workmen, who decreed liberty to the land.
This unexpected turn of events, which should have been foreseen, caused them to change their theory, and they invoked the power of Congress to interfere in the slave question in the territories against " squatter sovereignty," and demanded that its decision should be trampled under foot.
The miserable and imbecile conduct of Presidents Pierce and Buchanan in permitting a civil war to exist in Kansas for so long a period without making any effort to stay it, is alas too well known to need comment.
It is only necessary to say that the Southerners de. In the preamble of this celebrated decision of the highest judicial power of the Government, there is proclaimed two principles: With the right of property understood in this wise no State had the power either to abolish slavery, or to forbid the introduction of slaves, and, therefore, there was no legal power to prevent a Southerner from settling in a free State with all his slaves.
But this is not all that was demanded. The subservient Administration was given up to the will of the Southerners and the mails ceased to carry letters, journals and books, which excited their suspicion. Inunder the leadership of John C. Calhoun, the long dreamed of vision of empire that had haunted the brain of their ambitious and reckless politicians, first made its appearance in the nullification act of the legislature of South Carolina, but that stern old patriot Andrew Jackson, who declared that "The Union riust and shall be preserved," met it with firm resolution, and his demand for the immediate disbanding of the State troops nipped it in the bud.
From that time, however, the spirit of disunion had been assiduously disseminated in the South, and every issue that had arisen between the two sections, had been met by them with the threat of secession.
The Hall of the august Senate had witnessed the drawing of firearms, and its sanctity had been violated by brutal assaults upon its members, and threats were freely made by the "fire-eaters" to break up the sessions of Congress in blood. At last, inthe two great political parties met to make their nominations for President and establish their platforms.
The disunionists first showed their treason by betraying their party and breaking up its convention, because the true democrats would not bow their heads to their will. The seceders then called a convention and nominated John C.
Breckenridge, who is now a leader in this infamous rebellion, and declared that tho election of Mr. Lincoln, their opponent, would be followed by the dissolution of the Union.
The North heard the threat; if they had submissively yielded to it once more, all dignity, self-respect and mental liberty would have been lost. They knew the consequence; secession was rebellion, rebellion was a commercial crisis, was the political weakening of the country, and the unsettling of many fortunes.
It was the loss of all Southern trade, the loss of all capital invested in the South, the loss of all debts owed by the South. But the great spirit of the North that had bowed so often to the dictates of a Southern minority for the sake of the Union and peace, arose in its majestic dignity and proclaimed that the will of the majority should be expressed regardless of threats and consequences.
Prior to the election for President, the Governor of South Carolina had recommended both Houses of the Legislature to take measures in advance for the secession of the State in case Mr.Prior to our arrival several interesting ceremonies took place, among which was a grand review of the Division by His Excellency Mr.
Lincoln, attended by his Cabinet, and Major-General George B. McClellan, commanding the Army of the Potomac. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Human rights in Judaism: cultural, religious, and political perspectives / [edited by] Michael J.
Broyde, John Witte, Jr. CU KBM.H85 g ce8a9d61d6cdada43db7cbf59 Idea of human rights: four inquiries / Michael J. Perry. CU BLH78 P47 If we really desire peaceful transition and national reconsolidation and other articles.
George B. McClellan The Disposable Patriot "George B. McClellan, The Disposable Patriot" by Micheal J. McHugh recounts the struggles of the young Napoleon, George B.
McClellan. OKC PHIL program magazine edition 3 Published on Sep 17, concert program of the OKC PHIL featuring guest artist bios and programs for March through May Report of Major-General B.
McClellan, Upon the Organization of the Army of the Potomac, and Its Campaigns in Virginia and Maryland, from July 26, , to November 7, Reprinted Entire from the Copy Transmitted by the Secretary of War to the House of, George Brinton McClellan.