Behaviour theories of leadership are static

Contact Us Behavioral Theories of Leadership Behavioral theories of leadership are classified as such because they focus on the study of specific behaviors of a leader.

Behaviour theories of leadership are static

Top 3 Leadership Theories: Trait, Situation and Behaviour Theories Article shared by: The trait theory says that there are certain identifiable qualities or characteristics that are unique to leaders and those good leaders possess such qualities.

The trait theorists have identified a list of qualities that are as follows: A leader should be intelligent enough of understanding the context and contents of his position and function. He should be able to grasp the dynamics of environmental variables, both internal as well as external, which affect the activities of the enterprise.

He should also have technical competence and sound general knowledge. The term personality here means not only physical appearance but also inner-personality qualities. Such qualities include emotional stability and maturity, self-confidence, decisiveness, strong drive, extrovertness, achievement orientation, purposefulness, discipline, skill in getting along with others, integrity in character and a tendency to be co-operative.

In addition to the above said qualities, a good business leader should possess qualities such as open mindedness, scientific spirit, social sensitivity, ability to communicate, objectivity and a sense of realism.

In olden days, it was believed that leaders in general and great leaders in particular are born, not made. Born leaders inherit several favourable traits or qualities which separate them from non-leaders or the mass of humanity.

However, it is not always so. The trait theory is the modification of the above said view and it argues that leadership qualities or traits can be acquired. Leadership qualities may be in-born or acquired through training and practice.

The trait theory of leadership is criticised mainly on account of the following inadequacies: It is not based on any research or systematic development of concepts and principles. It fails to emphasise the intensity and the extent to which each of the agreed traits should be present in an individual.

Leaders must display different leadership characteristics at different times and under different situations. Researchers have shown that leadership should be looked beyond personal qualifications and traits of the individual. The theory does not offer scale to measure the degree of these traits.

Therefore, measuring a trait is not an easy task. Skills are sometimes mistaken for traits. The situation approach does not deny the importance of individual traits in leadership. But it goes further and asserts that leadership pattern is the product of a situation in a particular group and that leadership will be different in different situations.

It was discovered in a research study conducted by Bavelas and Barrett that no individual emerges as leader when all the participants have equal access to the information and that the individual commanding maximum information will sooner or later emerge as a leader.

Thus it is obvious that a leader can so structure the organisation that a favourable situation is created for the subordinates to emerge as a leader. Fiedler has developed a contingency model of leadership effectiveness. This approach was the result of the most extensive programme of research about leadership styles and effective group performance carried out by Fred E.

The situational variables considered by this research are: Leader — member relations are good or bad depending upon leader being liked or not liked by the group being supervised. Task structure is said to be high or low depending upon the extent to which work to be done and goals to be achieved, are defined clearly and unambiguously.

Power position is strong or weak depends upon the amount of reward and coercive and legitimate power possessed. Only the above three factors are considered by this theory. However, there are other situational factors such as group performance that also have a bearing upon the pattern of leadership style.

Finally, he concluded that production oriented leadership is most efficient either in highly favourable or un-favourable situations from the point of view of the leader.

A task oriented leader is needed when difficult situation is en-counted, things are not clear, work to be carried out and goals to be attained are ambiguous and have to be defined by the leader. In the intermediate situations, a manager who is people- oriented is likely to do better.

The behavioural theory of leadership lays emphasis on this fact that the leadership is the outcome of effective role of behaviour. It relies mainly on the acts of an individual rather than his traits.Exhibit 1: Gardner’s leadership attributes.

John Gardner studied a large number of North American organizations and leaders and came to the conclusion that there were some qualities or attributes that did appear to mean that a leader in one situation could lead in another.

Michigan Leadership Studies is a behavioral Leadership Theory that indicates the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan conducted empirical studies to identify styles of leader behavior that results in higher performance and satisfaction of a group.

Michigan Leadership Studies

Theories of Leadership The researches carried out by many behavioural scientists to find out what makes a leader effective have resulted in various theories of leadership. In this section, however, we shall discuss only three categories of theories of leadership.

Dec 01,  · Without trust there is no leadership. Seems rather simple, doesn’t it? In reality, however, it is not. Very few managers are leaders.

Behaviour theories of leadership are static

The difference between the two? Theories of Leadership: Trait Theory, Situation Theory and Behaviour Theory! 1. Trait Theory: The trait theory says that there are certain identifiable qualities or characteristics that are unique to leaders and those good leaders possess such qualities.

Different Leadership Theories. One might think that there is a specific ideology or theory behind what it takes to be a leader. The truth is there are several different theories that can be.

Behavioral Theories of Leadership