See Article History Alternative Titles: The only president elected to the office four times, Roosevelt led the United States through two of the greatest crises of the 20th century: In so doing, he greatly expanded the powers of the federal government through a series of programs and reforms known as the New Dealand he served as the principal architect of the successful effort to rid the world of German National Socialism and Japanese militarism.
He was so sickly that he almost did not survive, and his worried parents held off naming him for two months. James lived a life similar to an English country gentleman, with a large estate at Hyde Park in New York.
His age and her difficulty giving birth to Franklin prevented them from having any more children, and Franklin grew up as their beloved only child. His relationship with his parents, especially his mother, was very strong. It was her unshakeable faith in him that many believe gave him the self-confidence that enabled him to succeed later in life.
French and German governesses educated Roosevelt until he was fourteen, and he spent most of his free time riding on the estate and playing by himself. He accompanied his parents on their travels to Europe and to all their social engagements. This youth spent in the company of adults helped him develop a charm that would prove indispensable later in life, but left him ill used to being around children his own age.
This proved to be a drawback when his parents sent him away to the Groton School, a recently opened school that had the backing of many of the leading men in America, such as J.
It may have been the bitter memories of his years at Groton that made FDR determined to become a leader at Harvard, which he entered at the turn of the century.
Unlike many of his fellow classmates, who were used to living the life of the idle rich, FDR set the pace with his enthusiasm and energy. He studied subjects that would be of great use to him in his political career—history, government, economics, English and public speaking.
He lived in one of the three-room apartments on Mt.
FDR cut quite a figure in Boston society, and was especially popular with the women. He was elected editor-in-chief of the Crimson, partly because of his enthusiasm and partly because his connections to the White House through the Roosevelt family allowed him access to stories other students could not get.
It was during his late college years that FDR met and fell in love with Eleanor Roosevelt, a distant cousin whom he had first met at a family Christmas party in Eleanor had had a very different family experience from FDR. Her father had doted on her, but her mother had separated from him on account of his alcoholism.
Her mother, who had once been a great beauty, mocked Eleanor for her plainness and favored her younger children. Intwo years later, her father died in a fit of delirium.
FDR asked Eleanor to marry him ina year before he had finished his degree at Harvard. His mother was heartbroken: The young couple was married in March of in New York, where FDR was attending law school at Columbia and Eleanor was working in one of the settlement houses.
At the ceremony, Eleanor was given away by none other than her uncle, President Teddy Roosevelt himself. Eleanor and Franklin had five children: Anna, James, Elliott, Franklin, Jr.Early Life . Franklin D. Roosevelt was born on January 30, in the Hudson Valley town of Hyde Park.
His father, James Roosevelt, Sr., and his mother, Sara Ann Delano, were each from wealthy old New York families, of Dutch and French ancestry respectively.
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Who Was Franklin D. Roosevelt? Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, to April 12, ) was the 32nd American president who led the United States through the Great Depression and World War. Key events in the life of Franklin D.
Roosevelt. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Early life. Roosevelt was the only child of James and Sara Delano Roosevelt. Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR): Early Political Career. BACK; NEXT ; After passing the bar exam, FDR went to work for a law firm in New York City that represented some of the most powerful big businesses in the country, including Standard Oil.
However, he had no intention of remaining a lawyer for long. Born on January 30, , on a large estate near the village of Hyde Park, New York, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the only child of his wealthy parents, James and Sara Delano alphabetnyc.com was.