Under deontology, an act may be considered right even if the act produces a bad consequence,  if it follows the rule or moral law.
Although there are a set of rules or norms that society follows, however, the line between black and white is often blurred making it hard to determine what is ethically correct or unjust. Currently, the world is following three general moral philosophies. Each school of thoughts portrays different issues that argue about the meaning of being morally right.
Therefore, these moral philosophies are inter-related. Metaethics is the general outlook to ethical studies. This article will discuss moral issues that are involved in a business environment by using the principles from normative ethics or deontology. However, this article is only going to focus on analyzing and examining duty based theories.
It will also include suggestions for managers or professionals who want to apply this ethical theory in their organization and the benefits that they can gain from it.
Having been influenced by Pufendorf, Kant agrees that each individual has the obligation to perform moral duties to oneself as well as to other people Bowie, However, he argues that there are two types of duty; hypothetical and categorical imperatives Bowie, The hypothetical imperative is when an individual will perform a certain action in order to achieve a desired end result Bowie, Meanwhile, the categorical imperative involves an individual performing a certain action as compulsory regardless of the end result or away from any personal influence Bowie, He has proposed three versions or maxims of categorical imperatives Bowie, Firstly, an action can only be considered as ethically correct if it can be accepted or made into a universal law Bowie, For example, an individual who is in financial trouble make a fake promise to return back the money which he or she has borrowed.
One has to decide whether it is possible to make an untruthful agreement when one is in a desperate situation into a universal law. If the answer is no, then, according to Kant, the action is unethical. The second maxim states that a person should be treated as an end and not the means to achieve an end Bowie, This means that every individual should be treated with respect and not just as an instrument to achieve personal happiness or goals.
For example, it will be morally wrong to commit suicide because an individual is seen as using life as a mean to escape from experiencing further misery or hardship. Finally, the third maxim calls upon each individual to act as a member of an ideal kingdom where he or she is both the ruler and subject at the same time Bowie, It simply means that a set of rules that are made should treat every individual with respect and dignity.Ethics.
The field of ethics (or moral philosophy) involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior. Philosophers today usually divide ethical theories into three general subject areas: . Early growth in computer processing had little effect on jobs, But as year goes by artificial intelligent had evolve to a point where it is able to think like a human as more and more large amount of new skills were being captured.
Kant's Ethics Immanuel Kant ( - ) stands as a milestone in the history of Western philosophy. Epitomizing the Enlightenment's faith in reason, he also demonstrated both the scope and limits of reason in his famous Critique of .
Immanuel Kant (/ k æ n t /; German: [ʔɪˈmaːnu̯eːl ˈkant, -nu̯ɛl -]; 22 April – 12 February ) was a German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy.
In his doctrine of transcendental idealism, he argued that space, time and causation are mere sensibilities; "things-in-themselves" exist, but their nature is unknowable.
In his view, the mind shapes and.
Kantian ethics refers to a deontological ethical theory ascribed to the German philosopher Immanuel alphabetnyc.com theory, developed as a result of Enlightenment rationalism, is based on the view that the only intrinsically good thing is a good will; an action can only be good if its maxim – the principle behind it – is duty to the moral alphabetnyc.coml to Kant's .
The Value Structure of Action.
The distinctions between means and ends, and between being and doing, result in the following structure of action, from beginning to middle to end, upon which much ethical terminology, and the basic forms of ethical theory (ethics of .